Endemic Meaning | The term “endemic”
The term “endemic” is used to describe a disease or condition that is consistently present within a particular geographical area or population. It refers to the characteristic pattern of a disease that is present in a certain area, but not necessarily present in other areas.
For example, Malaria is endemic in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world, meaning that the disease is consistently present in those areas and is a common health concern for the people living there. In contrast, a disease that is only found in certain parts of the world or certain populations is considered to be sporadic or epidemic.
Endemic can also be used in a broader sense, to describe things that are typical, specific or unique to a particular place, culture or group of people. For example, a particular species of bird might be endemic to a specific island or region, meaning that it is found only in that area and not elsewhere.
The term endemic is used to describe the normal or natural level of a disease or other condition that is present in a population. Epidemic is used to describe an increase in the number of cases of a disease above this normal level. Pandemic is used to describe an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population.
It’s important to note that the term “endemic” is often used in contrast to “epidemic,” which refers to a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease that affects many people in a short period of time, and “pandemic” which is the worldwide spread of a new disease.